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English | IBA-MBA
Comprehension Hard 2
1Question 1-2 What plagues both political parties in the United States today is their need to win over the voting public at any cost. Since the average American voter has only an acquaintance with the crucial issues of the day and an even narrower grasp of the ways in which policy can address them, politicians are forced to mount often-vicious attacks on their competitors to capture the interest of the electorate. Rather than elect the best candidates for the task at hand, the American voter, election after election, chooses what appears to be the lesser of multiple evils, electing, in effect, the best worst candidate for the job. The plague on both political parties (line 1) could best be described as their
2As used in this passage, the word “acquaintance” most nearly means
3Question 3-5 Magellan is a Portuguese navigator who shared the idea of Christopher Columbus and others that the Far East could be reached by sailing westward. He embarked from Spain in August 1519 with a fleet of five ships, sailed southward down the coast of South America and reached the Pacific Ocean through the Strait named after him. He then gave the Pacific its name, because his first impression of it was one of peace and calm. Magellan was killed by warring tribesmen in the Philippines, but one of his ships finally arrived back in Spain in September 1522 via the Indian and Atlantic Oceans, the first to have circumnavigated the world. According to the passage ----.
4Magellan's crew ----.
5According to the passage, ----.
6Question 6-8 The most dangerous animals on the North American continent, by a margin of 1000 to one, are not bears, mountain lions or wolves but poisonous snakes. Attacks occur far more frequently than most people suspect; 6500 to 7000 humans are bitten by venomous snakes in the United States each year. Fortunately, the death rate from snakebite is low, largely because of widespread knowledge about snakes and the fact that in most cases treatment is prompt. Yet for the victims, even though they survive, the ordeal is a dreadful experience sometimes resulting weeks or months of illness, permanent crippling, the loss of a hand or foot, or other lasting handicaps. The North American continent ----.
7The death rate from snakebite ----.
8According to the passage, snakebite ----.
9Question 9-10 The novel develops, after the death of Defoe, with S.Richardson (1689-1761), a professional printer who took to novel-writing when he was fifty. Richardson liked to help young women with the composition of their love-letters, and was asked by a publisher to write a volume of model letters for use on various occasions. He was inspired to write a novel in the form of a series of letters, a novel which should implant a moral lesson in the minds of its readers (he thought of these readers primarily as women). This novel was Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, which describes the defamation made on the honor of a virtuous housemaid by a young man. It can be inferred from the passage that S. Richardson ----.
10We learn that Samuel Richardson ----.